The CWFI was founded in 1989, now represents many Trade Union Organisations in 36 Indian States, plus 12 Industry-based Federations. more...
 
 
 The CWFI
CWFI Constitution
Gender Equality
Social Policies
CWFI National
Working Committee
Economic &
Employment Policies
External Relations
Child Labour
Migrant Labour
Contact Us
 
 What we do
Labour Standard
Events & Campaigns
Training
Statistics & Database

CRAFTSMEN TRAINING SCHEME IN INDIA
The Construction industry is characterised by the predominance of migratory and unskilled labour. Therefore, there is need to expand the training and skill certification programmes, both in terms of content as well as geographical reach. To encourage such training, incentives may be provided to contractors for funding the skill upgradation of construction workers.

However, there is no institutional framework to impart training at the workers' level, barring a few initiatives taken by the Construction Industry Development Council (CIDC) and some companies.

There is need to involve the Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) in a big way with training for the construction sector to bridge the demand-supply gap for skilled labour force. The number of ITIs and trainees undergoing training under the scheme in the year 1996 were as follows:

TABLE - 1
Trades, Trainees & ITIs, 1996

Trade
No. of ITIs
No. of Trainees
One year courses:
- Plumber
210
4608
- Mason (Building Construction)
81
1488
- Carpenter
340
6592
- Welder
806
17496
Two year courses:
- Painter (General)
74
1408
- Electrician
1280
30396
- Electrician
85
30336
- Electrician
163
4048

The entrance qualification prescribed for the Plumber, Mason (building construction) and Painter is 8th class pass, whereas for the remaining trades, trades of (General) it is 10th class pass with Science as one of the subjects under the 10+2 system. Since these courses are skill oriented courses, more emphasis is given on skill development. The practical instructions are given for 28 hours per week and theoretical instructions are given for 10 hours per week for all the trades. Apart from practical classes, theoretical instructions are given in subjects like trade theory, workshop calculation and science, engineering drawing and social studies. After the completion of the training, the trainees are required to sit in All India trade test conducted by DGE&T under the aegis of NCVT. The successful trainees are awarded National Trade Certificate and are considered as semi-skilled workers.
The availability of training seats in the above listed trades in various States is shown at Table 3.

Apprenticeship Training Scheme
Out of the 129 trades designated under the Apprenticeship Training Scheme covering 30 group of trades, only 11 trades are related to building construction activities. Here also, it is observed that Mason (building construction), which is one of the basic trades in construction activities, only 308 seats have been located and out of which only 159 were utilised in 1996. In respect of other 10 trades, the position of seating capacity and seats utilised during the year 1996 remained as below

TABLE - 2
Capacity Utilisation of ITI's - 1996

Trade
Seating capacity in 1996
Seats Utilised
Plumber
1793
1071
Mason
308
159
(Building Constructor)
Carpenter
3315
1899
Painter General
1120
684
Electrician
19650
14039
Darughtsman Civil
2720
1772
Surveyor
281
124

The trade apprentices are paid a stipend @ Rs. 580 for first year, Rs. 670 for the second year, Rs. 770 for the third year and Rs. 880 for the fourth year. The trade apprentices are trade tested by DGE&T after completion of their training and are awarded National Apprenticeship Certificate, which is recognised for subordinate services under the Central and State Governments.

From the above, it is evident that both the institutional as well as the apprenticeship training in industry is restricted to a limited number of training seats and there is not enough response for some of the trades either. For the trade of Mason under ATS the duration of training was reduced from 3 years to 2 years but even then the response has not picked up. The reason attributable to this appears to be the lack of industry-institute linkage.

The industry was requested to come forward for co-financing the training programme on the pattern of courses co-financed by plastic industry in the case of Plastic Processing Operators. Four training courses listed below were identified in 1986 in consultation with the Secretary General of Indian Concrete Institute, Madras for augmenting the training programmes in concrete construction industry and were contemplated to be introduced under CTS/ATS.

iv. Introduction of scheme for the certification of skills for the in-service semi-skilled/skilled workers on the pattern of NVQs in U.K. For this the skill standards should be identified and prescribed by the industry.

Abbreviations
DGE&T : Director General Employment and Training. Ministry of Labour; Govt. of India.
NCVT : National Council of Vocational Training
1TI : Industrial Training Institute
CAC : Central Apprenticeship Council

TABLE 3
Growth of ITIs Since 1985

Year as on
December 31
No. of I.T.Is
Govt.
Private
Total
1
2
3
4
31-121984
694
574
1268
31-12-1985
719
728
1447
31-12-1986
825
889
1714
31-12-1987
852
1035
1887
31-12-1988
862
1037
1899
31-12-1989
903
1167
2070
31-07-1990
964
1173
2137
31-07-1991
981
1259
2240
31-07-1992
1008
1439
2447
31-07-1993
1028
1623
2651
31-07-1994
1038
1682
2720
31-07-1996
1068
2015
3083
31-12-1997
1392
2276
3668


 
 
 Photo Gallery
Photo Gallery
   
 What News
This meeting of unions from the Asia/Pacific region consisting of delegates from India, Mauritius, Bangladesh, Vietnam.    more...
 
© Copyright Construction Workers Federation of India (CWFI) 2007-2010
CWFI